With the increasing number on industrial plants, there has been continuous pressure on advanced process automation and still there has not been so that much of focus on the automation of the electricity distribution networks as it should have been.
The basic requirement for this process is the distribution of uninterrupted electricity. If there is disturbance in the electricity supply, it will cause the decrease in the efficiency of the process which can cost huge amount of money.
So the intelligent management of electricity distribution requires to be done in a proper way along with preventive condition monitoring as well as online reliability. In today’s technological world, these all necessities have inspired and increase the interest in electricity distribution automation of industrial plants.
In a past few years, the automation of public electricity distribution has developed very effectively through which better outcomes have been achieved such as decreasing outage times of customers. But this type of automation cannot be applied in the areas of industry electricity distribution as the basics of this automation system are very common.
In comparison to the public electricity distribution, the infrastructures of several industries differ from each other which are more homogeneous domain. Many types of devices such as automation devices, computer system and databases are not in the same level as well as their integration is tougher.
In the past few years, it has been noticed that all kinds of issues regarding to network operations cannot be resolved by the conventional automation system. But the different computer systems possess large amount of data that is useful in network operations as the operators had sufficient knowledge regarding utilize it.
So for this purpose, researchers have developed a distribution management system which is a part of an integrated environment and composed of conventional automation system, network database, distribution automation and the automatic telephone answering machines system.
This system includes all those necessary applications which are needed in network operation such as normal state monitoring and optimization, real time network calculations, short term load forecasting and fault management etc.
The main feature of the distribution management system is the dynamic object oriented network model which has been generated from the network database based in the network data.
It includes the real time state of the network in which several network operation tasks demands for various kinds of issue resolving methods. With the help of network model, different modules can operate interactively with each other as it works as a black board.